The Very First Amendment Encyclopedia

The Very First Amendment Encyclopedia

Presented because of the John Seigenthaler Chair of Excellence in First Amendment Studies

Broadcast surprise jock Howard Stern, right, speaks at a rally in ny’s Dag Hammerskjold Plaza on 24, 1987, where more than 2,000 people showed their support after the FCC censured Stern’s off-color broadcasts april. The rally ended up being broadcast survive two r / c, WXRK-FM in ny and WYSP-FM in Philadelphia. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)

Howard Stern (1954– ), one of the greatest paid and most controversial radio characters in the us, has regularly pressed the boundaries of good flavor and First Amendment free phrase liberties regarding the general public airwaves. He has received battles that are ongoing the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), which regulates broadcasting, and contains received ldsplanet full site more fines from the FCC than just about any radio character.

Created in Queens, nyc, Stern started his radio profession at WTBU, the learning pupil place at Boston University, where he obtained a BA in 1976. Then worked at channels in nyc, Detroit, Connecticut, and Washington, D.C., rapidly having a reputation being a “shock jock,” a DJ whom utilizes intimate and innuendo that is scatological attract a mass market.

Stern a controversial figure

Throughout their profession Stern happens to be criticized for remarks which were considered to be racist or elsewhere inappropriate. In 1985 he along with his staff had been fired from NewYork City’s WNBC once they aired a skit enh2d “bestiality dial-a-date.” Into the early 1990s the FCC imposed an excellent of $600,000 on Infinity Broadcasting, which in turn carried Stern’s system, after Stern aired a conversation involving Aunt Jemima and masturbation. A few of their reviews following the Columbine senior school massacre in Colorado in 1999 brought a censure that is official the Colorado state legislature. In 2004 Clear Channel Communications “indefinitely suspended” Stern in six radio areas after he aired an intimate and dialogue that is racist.

As soon as the FCC cracked down on which it considered indecency within the media after Janet Jackson’s Super Bowl “wardrobe malfunction,” Stern ended up being certainly one of its earliest objectives. In April 2004 the FCC fined Clear Channel $500,000; after this the corporation stated it might forever end its dealings with Stern. In however, he returned to four of the six markets from which he had been suspended earlier that year july.

Stern discovers space that is safe satellite radio

In January 2006 Stern started to broadcast solely on Sirius Satellite broadcast under a five-year agreement. Aided by the vary from terrestrial radio into the unregulated satellite broadcast channels, Stern ended up being beyond the reach regarding the FCC’s regulations as well as its increased fines.


Holohan, Matthew C. “Politics, Technology, and Indecency: Rethinking Broadcast Regulation into the Century that is 21st. Berkeley Tech Law Journal 20 (2005): 341–369.

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